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Internet Protocol (IP) is one of the computer's network protocol that is used for the internet and networking. IP Telephony uses this connection to exchange voice, fax and other forms of information.
The internet protocol (IP) is basically the signalling method used for all communication over the internet. An IP Address is a numerical address that is allocated to each computer or network on the internet.
According to Wikipedia IP is:
"The Internet Protocol (IP) is a protocol used for communicating data across a packet-switched internetwork using the Internet Protocol Suite, also referred to as TCP/IP. IP is the primary protocol in the Internet Layer of the Internet Protocol Suite and has the task of delivering distinguished protocol datagrams (packets) from the source host to the destination host solely based on their addresses. For this purpose the Internet Protocol defines addressing methods and structures for datagram encapsulation. The first major version of addressing structure, now referred to as Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4) is still the dominant protocol of the Internet, although the successor, Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) is being deployed actively worldwide."